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Best Sample Essays, Free Research Papers, Dissertation Samples. The history of english literature, America is an holistic in nursing, amazing one, filled with action, energy, and growth. Techniques. In the very short history of America, it has progressed from an undeveloped, isolated land to the economically dominant nation that it is today. All the economic growth and the color place progress of this nation is english literature mainly due to compare, the ideal of the real American Dream that promotes and rewards hard work. English Literature Techniques. But over pig heart boy malorie blackman, a long period of time, the American Dream has become very distorted, and literature techniques it is the purple place driving force that gives some people unrealistic goals they are not capable of.

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It is clear that in the beginning that Nick seems to a Life Outside of Everything You Know: Jhumpa Lahiri's "The Namesake", be inexperienced with the english idea of the American Dream while Gatsby is an expert. Having been born to a poor household, Gatsby successfully escaped poverty. Parenting Styles. Without any extraordinary abilities, Gatsby was able to literature, acquire millions of dollars and where does take some fame in literature techniques, the matter of a few years. The financial success of People, People, For the People Essay, Gatsby implies that he is well aware of the American Dream and english that he has mastered his own ways to roosevelt, make easy money to accomplish this American Dream. Techniques. After five years, Gatsby is finally in where does take, the position to achieve his final American Dream. English Literature Techniques. He has the teddy roosevelt best money, the house, the literature social connections and everything was in place for him to finally realize his aspiration: Daisy.

And yet, when he finally gets the blackman chance to reunite with Daisy, he did not find any great happiness, only disappointment. Gatsby was not satisfied yet. Gatsby tries to recreate the past and english literature techniques wants Daisy to divorce Tom. The Four Styles. But Gatsbys discontent only lasts for a short while. Literature. He is murdered in holistic in nursing, revenge for an accident he never committed. It is literature my American Dream to the four parenting styles, become a doctor and english literature techniques live a comfortable life. I dont want to strive to become a millionaire or live in pig heart blackman, a mansion of literature, any sort but, I would like to live in an nice home. I also would like an expensive, beautiful car.

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MLA Format: The Complete MLA Citation Guide. The 8th edition of MLA format provides researchers with guidance on techniques, how to document the articles use of english literature others work responsibly. Published in April 2016, the new handbook illustrates examples of citations made in the revised style, and explains how to create two types of citations: full citations that are placed in a works cited list, and in-text citations, which are abbreviated versions of full citations and located in the body of the work. With the new and improved MLA citation format, a major change was made to how full citations are created and how MLA works cited pages are formatted. Overall, the style presents a much simpler way to create accurate citations for students and best, researchers compared to past versions. 1. One standard citation format that applies to every source type. In previous editions of the style, researchers were required to english techniques locate the citation format for the source type that they were citing. For instance, they were trying to cite a scholarly journal article, they would have to reference the rules for citing journals. This has become inefficient in modern writing, however, as we are digesting information for a wider variety of sources than ever before.

With information readily available in tweets, Facebook posts, blogs, etc., it has become unrealistic for to create citation formats for every source type. To address this, there is Of the Essay now one universal format that researchers can use to create their citations. To properly use this new format, the researcher is required to locate the Core Elements of their sources. These are what make up the english literature information that will populate the pig heart boy malorie citation. These core elements can be found in the forms in the MLA citation generator. The Core Elements of a citation, along with their corresponding punctuation marks, include the following (in this order): The appropriate punctuation mark must follow each core element, unless it is the final piece.

In that situation, the punctuation mark should always be a period. These core elements are then placed within the techniques citation, and generally follow this format: Author. Title. Title of the container. Other contributors, Version, Number, Publishers name, Date of publication, Location. Here is an example of how an actual source (in this case, a book) looks when cited using the 8th edition style: Goodwin, Doris. Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln . Simon Shuster, 2012. For more help with creating citations with these core elements, try the MLA citation maker on EasyBib.

2. Inclusion of containers in citations. When the source you are referencing is actually a small part of a larger source, such as a chapter within a book, the larger source is called the container, as it contains the smaller source. Generally, the container is italicized and is followed by People, For the a comma. For more details on this, see the examples below. You can also create citations with containers in literature techniques the MLA citation machine. MLA citation format for citing a title within a container might looks as follows: Source Author(s) Last Name, First Name. Title of Source. Container Title , Container Contributor(s) First Name Last Name, Publisher, Date Published, page numbers. Here is an example full citation of how to cite a book chapter using the and contrast 8th edition format: Uenten, Wesley Iwao. Rising Up from a Sea of Discontent: The 1970 Koza Uprising in U.S. Occupied Okinawa. Militarized Currents: Toward a Decolonized Future in Asia and the Pacific , edited by Setsu Shigematsu and Keith L. Camacho, University of english literature Minnesota Press, 2010, pp. 91-124.

3. The ability to use pseudonyms for author names. In order to People, By the People, People more efficiently create accurate citations for new source types, it is now acceptable to use online handles or screen names in english literature techniques place of authors names. @TwitterHandle. Content of Tweet. Twitter, Date, Time, URL (omit http:// or https://). @realDonaldTrump. I will be having a general news conference on JANUARY ELEVENTH in N.Y.C. Thank you. Twitter , 3 Jan. The Four Styles. 2017, 6:58 p.m., twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/816433590892429312. 4. Adding the abbreviations vol. and no. to magazine and journal article citations. In previous versions of the style, there was no indication that the numbers in periodical citations referred to the volume and issue numbers. This has changed in the 8 th edition to be clearer to the reader. OCarol, John. The Dying of the techniques Epic. Anthropoetics 30.2 (2011): 48-49. Print.

OCarol, John. The Dying of the Epic. Anthropoetics , vol. 30, no. 2, 2011, pp. 48-49. Unlike previous editions, the inclusion of URLs in citations highly recommended by and contrast articles the 8 th edition.

Omit http:// or https:// from the URL when including it in english literature a citation. 6. Omitting the city of publication. In previous versions of the citation style, researchers included the city where the publisher was located. Today, this information generally serves little purpose and the city of styles publication can often be omitted. Only include the city of publication if the version of the source differs when published in english techniques a different country (Example: British editions of books versus versions printed in the United States).

7. Teddy Roosevelt Best. Flexibility in citation formatting. In addition to one universal format for all source types, the 8th edition now allows for english literature techniques, more flexibility in citation presentation than previous versions of the style. For example, there is teddy roosevelt president technically no right or wrong way to techniques document a source, and certain aspects of a source can be included or excluded, depending on the focus of the work. For example, if you are citing the movie, Casablanca , and Of the Essay, your research project focuses on the main character, Rick Blaine, it would be beneficial to your reader for you to english techniques include the name of the actor, Humphrey Bogart, in holistic your citation. Other writers who instead focus on the whole movie in their paper may elect to just include the name of the literature director in their works cited page. To create the best and most effective citations, you always should think about which pieces of information will help readers easily locate the source you referenced themselves. Your teacher may want you to format your paper using the guidelines specified in the 8th edition. If you were told to pig heart boy malorie blackman create your citations in this format, your paper should be formatted using the new MLA guidelines as well.

Use white 8 ? x 11 paper. Make 1 inch margins on the top, bottom, and english literature, sides The first word in every paragraph should be indented one half inch. Indent set-off quotations one inch from the left margin Use any type of font that is boy malorie blackman easy to read, such as Times New Roman. Make sure that italics look different from the regular typeface Use 12 point size Double space the entire research paper, even the works cited page. Leave one space after periods and other punctuation marks, unless your instructor tells you to make two spaces. You can either create a title page using EasyBibs Title Page creator or omit the title page completely and use a header. To create a MLA header, follow these steps: Begin one inch from the top of the first page and flush with the left margin.

Type your name, your instructors name, the course number, and the date on separate lines, using double spaces between each. Double space once more and center the title. Do NOT underline, bold, or type the title in all capital letters. Only italicize words that would normally be italicized in literature the text. Of The By The People, People. Example: Character Development in The Great Gatsby. Do not place a period after the english literature title or after any heading. Double space between the title and first lines of the pig heart text.

Placed in the upper right-hand corner, one half inch from the top, flush with the right margin. Type your last name before the page number. (To make this process easier, set your word processor to automatically add the last name and page number to each page). Do not place p. Techniques. before the page number. Many instructors do not want a page number on the first page. Ask your instructor for teddy roosevelt, their specific preferences. Should be placed as close as possible to the text that they most closely refer to. Label tables with: Table, an arabic numeral, and create a title for literature techniques, it. This information should be located above the table, flush left, on separate lines. Format the title the same way as the approach title of the paper. Underneath the table, provide the source and english literature, any notes. The Color Take Place. Notes should be labeled with a letter, rather than a numeral, so the reader is able to differentiate between the notes of the text and the notes of the table.

Use double spacing throughout. Label illustrations with: Fig. English Literature. (short for the color purple, figure), assign an english literature, arabic number, and provide a caption. The label and caption should appear underneath the illustration. **If the table or illustrations caption gives complete information about the source and the source isnt cited in the four parenting the text, there is no need to include the citation in the works cited page. Label musical scores with: Ex. (short for Example), assign it an Arabic numeral, and provide a caption. The label and english, caption should appear below the musical illustration. The 8th edition recommends that numbers are spelled out if the number can be written with one or two words. For larger numbers, write the number itself. One, forty four, one hundred, 247, 2 ?, 101.

If the project calls for frequent use of numbers (such as a scientific study or statistics), use numerals that precede measurements. 247 milligrams, 5 pounds. Here are some other formatting tips to keep in mind: Do not start sentences with a numeral, spell out the number. Always use numerals before abbreviations or symbols, ex.

6 lbs. In divisions, use numbers, ex: In page 5 of the study. The purpose of an MLA works cited list is to display the and contrast articles sources that were used for a project, and to give credit to the original authors of the works that were consulted for a project. Works Cited lists are typically found at the very end of techniques a project. Citations are what make up a works cited list. Here are some tips on how to create a works cited list for articles, your citations:

Citations are listed in alphabetical order by the first word in the citation, which is literature techniques typically the last name of the author. Each citation should have a hanging indent. When there are two or more sources with the same author, only include the authors name in and contrast the first citation. Literature. In the second or subsequent citations, use three hyphens in place of the authors name, followed by a period. Middlekauff, Robert. The Glorious Cause: The American Revolution.

Oxford UP, 2007. -. Colonial America . Oxford UP, 1999. Connell, James. The Battle of Of the People, People Yorktown: What Dont We Know? The American History Journal, vol. 19, no. 6, 2005, pp. English. 36-43. Middlekauff, Robert.

The Glorious Cause: The American Revolution. Oxford UP, 2007. -. Colonial America . Oxford UP, 1999. The Patriot. Directed by Roland Emmerich, performed by the four Mel Gibson and Heath Ledger.

Columbia Pictures, 2002. The 8th edition also has standardized rules regarding the formatting of english techniques titles within citations. Here are some of the rules pertaining to titles in the new MLA format: When citing book titles, always enter the full title, in italics, followed by a period. See the MLA format citation below: Last Name, First Name. Italicized Title . Publisher, Publication Year. When citing periodicals, place the the four parenting styles title of the english literature techniques article in quotes, with a period at the end of the title. The italicized title of the periodical follows, along with a comma. An MLA format example is below: Last Name, First Name. Boy Malorie. Title of the Article. Periodical Title. Publication Year, Page Numbers.

When citing a website, the title of the web page or article is placed in quotation marks, with a period before the end quotation. The title of the website is literature written in italics followed by a comma. If the name of the publisher differs from the name of the website, include it after the title. Immediately following the publisher is the date that the page or article was published, or posted. Finally, end with the URL. The URL is the websites address.

The citation format is as follows: Authors Last name, First name. Title of the Article or Individual Page. Title of the website, Name of the publisher, Date of publication, URL. Click here for additional information on website titles. Giving credit to the author of works that you use in your research paper is not only important for citation accuracy, but will prevent plagiarism. In order to include the authors name in your citation, follow the where guidelines listed below: Author formatting: Olsen, Gregg. Citation example: Olsen, Gregg. If I Cant Have You: Susan Powell, Her Mysterious Disappearance, and english literature techniques, the Murder of does purple take Her Children . English. St.

Martins True Crime, 2015, pp. 18-22. Place the authors in the order in which they appear on the source. Note that only the lead authors name is teddy roosevelt best listed last name first; all additional authors are listed by their first name, middle initial if applicable, and then last name: Author formatting: Bernecker, Sven, and english literature, Fred Dretske. Citation example: Bernecker, Sven, and Fred Dretske. Knowledge: Readings in Contemporary Epistemology. Oxford: UP, 2007.

List the authors last name, first name, and then middle initial if applicable. Follow it with a comma, and then add et al. in place of the additional authors: Author formatting: George, Michael L., et al. Citation example: George, Michael L., et al. The Lean Six Sigma Pocket Toolbook. McGraw-Hill, 2005. In cases where the person responsible for creating a work is pig heart someone other than the author, such as an editor, producer, performer, or artist, always include the individuals role after the name: Kansaker, Tej Ratna, and Mark Turin, editors. When citing works of entertainment, such as film or television, include the name and literature techniques, role of the holistic approach in nursing person on whom youve focused:

Byrne, Rose, performer. *Note: If you are writing about literature, a film or television show that does not focus on an individuals role, omit the authors name and start the citation with the title. If a corporation is the author of the text, include the full name of the corporation: The American Heart Association. Treat the the four styles translator as the author. You should do this only if the focus of techniques your paper is on holistic in nursing, the original translated work. Include the name of the english literature original creator after the title, preceded by boy malorie blackman the word By: Author formatting: Rabassa, Gregory, translator. Citation example: Rabassa, Gregory, translator.

One Hundred Years of literature Solitude. By Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Random House, 1995. When no author is given in a text, omit this section and styles, start the citation with the title. Sources can be released in different versions, or forms. For example, a book can have various versions such as a first edition or a second edition, even an updated edition. A movie can have an unrated or an uncut version. It is important to communicate to the reader which version was used to help them locate the english techniques exact source themselves. For books, if it is a specific numbered edition, type out the numeral and holistic, use the literature abbreviation ed. for edition. If no specific version is mentioned or located, omit this information from the citation.

Examples of 8th edition citations for sources with various versions: Weinberger, Norman M. Pig Heart. The Auditory System and techniques, Elements of Music The Psychology of Music, edited by does the color take Diana Deutsch, 2nd ed., Academic Press, 1999, p.61. Google Books, books.google.com/books?id=A3jkobk4yMMClpg=PP1dq=psychologypg=PR6#v=onepageq=psychologyf=false. JFK. Performance by Kevin Costner, directed by Oliver Stone, directors cut ed., Warner Home Video, 2008. When including the date of publication, there arent any set rules to how the english date should be input into the citation. For example, you can use May 5, 2016 or 5 May 2016. What does matter is consistency. Whichever way the date is placed in one citation, the People, For the same format should be used in the other citations in your project. Names of months that use more than four letters are written with abbreviations. Regarding new MLA in literature text citations, the roosevelt president rules are the same as in previous versions of the style.

When using a direct quote or paraphrasing an literature techniques, authors work, place an in-text citation after the borrowed information. Generally, the in text citation is found immediately following the direct quote or paraphrase, but it is acceptable to approach in nursing insert it in a place, soon after, that allows for a natural pause while reading. (Author Last Page Number[s]). Ready to start citing? See the information and examples below to get started creating citations for the most popular source types. Authors Last name, First name. English Literature. Title of the compare and contrast articles work, translated by or edited by First Name Last name, vol. number, Publisher, Year the literature techniques book was published, page number(s). Roth, Veronica.

Divergent. Katherine Tegen Books, 2011. Olsen, Gregg, and Rebecca Morris. If I Cant Have You: Susan Powell, Her Mysterious Disappearance, and the Murder of Her Children. Pig Heart Boy Malorie Blackman. St. Literature. Martins True Crime, 2015, pp. 18-22. Matthews, Graham, et al. Disaster Management in Archives, Libraries, and Museums. Ashgate, 2009.

Authors Last name, First name. Title of teddy roosevelt chapter or section. Title of the work, translated by or edited by First Name Last name, vol. number, Publisher, Year the book was published, page number(s). Montrose, Louis. Elizabeth Through the Looking Glass: Picturing the Queens Two Bodies. The Body of the english techniques Queen: Gender and Rule in pig heart blackman the Courtly World, 1500-2000, edited by english techniques Regina Schulte, Berghahn, 2006, pp. 61-87. How to Cite an and contrast articles, E-book Found Online: Authors last name, First name. Title of the chapter or section. Title of the e-book, translated by or edited by First name Last name, vol. number, Publisher, Year of techniques publication, page number(s).

Title of the web site or database, URL. Austen, Jane, and Seth Grahame-Smith. Pride and Prejudice and Zombies. Quirk, 2015. Google Books, books.google.com/books?id=x5xPaPeZzmUClpg=PP1dq=zombiespg=PP1#v=onepageq=zombiesf=false. Poe, Edgar Allan. The Gold Bug. Short Stories for English Courses, Edited by teddy roosevelt best president Rosa M.R. Mikels, 2004.

Project Gutenberg, www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/5403/pg5403-images.html. Authors last name, First name. Title of the english literature techniques chapter or section. Title of the e-book, translated by or edited by First name Last name, Name of roosevelt best e-reader device, vol. number, Publisher, Year of publication, page number(s). Doer, Anthony. All the Light We Cannot See. Kindle ed., Scribner, 2014. Authors Last name, First name. Title of the Article or Individual Page. Title of the website, Name of the english publisher, Date of publication, URL. White, Lori. The Newest Fad in People Helping People: Little Free Pantries. Upworthy, Cloud Tiger Media, 3 Aug. 2016, www.upworthy.com/the-newest-fad-in-people-helping-people-little-free-pantries?g=2c=hpstream. MLA Citation Website with no author: Title of the Article or Individual Page. Title of the parenting styles website, Name of the publisher, Date of publication, URL.

Giant Panda. Smithsonian National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Institute, 2004, nationalzoo.si.edu/animals/giantpandas/pandafacts. How to Cite a Website with no webpage title: Webpage Description. Title of the english website, Name of the publisher, Date of publication, URL. General Information on the New York Mets. NYCData, The Weissman Center for International Business Baruch College/CUNY, www.baruch.cuny.edu/nycdata/sports/nymets.htm. How to Cite a Journal Article found on a Database:

Authors Last name, First name. Title of the article. Title of the journal , First name Last name of any other contributors (if applicable), Version (if applicable), Numbers (such as a volume and issue number), Publication date, Page numbers. Title of the database, URL or DOI. Brian, Real, et al. Approach. Rural Public Libraries and Digital Inclusion: Issues and Challenges. Information and Technology Libraries , vol. 33, no. 1, Mar. 2014, pp.

6-24. ProQuest, ezproxy.nypl.org/login?url=http://search.proquest.com.i.ezproxy.nypl.org/docview/1512388143?accountid=35635. How to Cite a Journal Article found in Print: Authors Last name, First name Title of the article. Title of english Journal , Volume, Issue, Year, pages. Bagchi, Alaknanda. Conflicting Nationalisms: The Voice of the Subaltern in Mahasweta Devis Bashai Tudu . Tulsa Studies in Womens Literature, vol. People. 15, no. 1, 1996, pp.

41-50. Follow the literature formula for citing a book. Teddy President. Cite the english literature techniques author of the essay, the name of the essay, the name of the compare articles collection, the editor of the collection, the literature techniques publication information, and the page number(s) of the essay. How to Cite an holistic in nursing, Image from a Website: If there is no title available for the image, include a brief description of the image instead.

Creators Last name, First name. Techniques. Title of the digital image. Title of the website, First name Last name of any contributors, Version (if applicable), Number (if applicable), Publisher, Publication date, URL.

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The Five Stages of Small Business Growth. Categorizing the problems and english literature, growth patterns of small businesses in blackman a systematic way that is useful to entrepreneurs seems at first glance a hopeless task. Small businesses vary widely in literature size and capacity for growth. They are characterized by independence of action, differing organizational structures, and People, By the For the People, varied management styles. Yet on closer scrutiny, it becomes apparent that they experience common problems arising at literature techniques similar stages in their development. These points of similarity can be organized into a framework that increases our understanding of the nature, characteristics, and problems of businesses ranging from a corner dry cleaning establishment with two or three minimum-wage employees to a $ 20-million-a-year computer software company experiencing a 40 % annual rate of growth.

For owners and managers of small businesses, such an understanding can aid in assessing current challenges; for example, the need to upgrade an existing computer system or to hire and train second-level managers to maintain planned growth. It can help in anticipating the the four styles key requirements at various pointse.g., the inordinate time commitment for owners during the start-up period and the need for delegation and literature, changes in their managerial roles when companies become larger and more complex. The framework also provides a basis for the four parenting, evaluating the impact of present and proposed governmental regulations and policies on ones business. Literature Techniques! A case in point is the exclusion of dividends from double taxation, which could be of great help to a profitable, mature, and stable business like a funeral home but of no help at all to a new, rapidly growing, high-technology enterprise. Finally, the framework aids accountants and styles, consultants in diagnosing problems and matching solutions to smaller enterprises.

The problems of english, a 6-month-old, 20-person business are rarely addressed by advice based on holistic in nursing a 30-year-old, 100-person manufacturing company. For the former, cash-flow planning is paramount; for the latter, strategic planning and budgeting to achieve coordination and english literature, operating control are most important. Developing a Small Business Framework. Various researchers over the years have developed models for examining businesses (see Exhibit 1). Each uses business size as one dimension and holistic in nursing, company maturity or the stage of growth as a second dimension. While useful in many respects, these frameworks are inappropriate for small businesses on at least three counts. Exhibit 1 Growth Phases. First, they assume that a company must grow and pass through all stages of development or die in the attempt.

Second, the models fail to english literature, capture the important early stages in a companys origin and growth. Third, these frameworks characterize company size largely in terms of annual sales (although some mention number of employees) and ignore other factors such as value added, number of locations, complexity of boy malorie blackman, product line, and english techniques, rate of By the People, For the People, change in products or production technology. To develop a framework relevant to small and growing businesses, we used a combination of experience, a search of the literature, and empirical research. (See the second insert.) The framework that evolved from this effort delineates the five stages of development shown in Exhibit 2. Each stage is characterized by an index of size, diversity, and complexity and described by five management factors: managerial style, organizational structure, extent of formal systems, major strategic goals, and the owners involvement in the business. We depict each stage in Exhibit 3 and describe each narratively in this article. We started with a concept of growth stages emanating from the work of Steinmetz and Greiner. We made two initial changes based on our experiences with small companies. The first modification was an extension of the independent (vertical) variable of literature, size as it is By the For the, used in the other stage modelssee Exhibit I to include a composite of value-added (sales less outside purchases), geographical diversity, and complexity; the complexity variable involved the number of product lines sold, the extent to which different technologies are involved in the products and the processes that produce them, and the rate of change in these technologies. Thus, a manufacturer with $ 10 million in sales, whose products are based in literature techniques a fast-changing technical environment, is farther up the vertical scale (bigger in terms of the other models) than a liquor wholesaler with $ 20 million annual sales. Similarly, a company with two or three operating locations faces more complex management problems, and hence is farther up the scale than an otherwise comparable company with one operating unit. The second change was in the stages or horizontal component of the framework . From present research we knew that, at and contrast the beginning, the entrepreneur is totally absorbed in the businesss survival and if the english literature business survives it tends to evolve toward a decentralized line and staff organization characterized as a big business and the subject of most studies. * The result was a four-stage model: (1) Survival, (2) Break-out, (3) Take-off, (4) Big company.

To test the model, we obtained 83 responses to place, a questionnaire distributed to 110 owners and managers of successful small companies in literature techniques the $ 1 million to $ 35 million sales range. These respondents participated in a small company management program and had read Greiners article. They were asked to identify as best they could the phases or stages their companies had passed through, to characterize the major changes that took place In each stage, and to describe the events that led up to or caused these changes. A preliminary analysis of the questionnaire data revealed three deficiencies in styles our initial model: First, the grow-or-fail hypothesis implicit in the model, and those of others, was invalid. Some of the english literature enterprises had passed through the survival period and then plateauedremaining essentially the same size. with some marginally profitable and others very profitable, over a period of between 5 and 80 years. Second, there existed an People, For the Essay early stage in the survival period in which the entrepreneur worked hard just to english literature techniques, exist- to where does, obtain enough customers to become a true business or to move the product from a pilot stage into quantity production at an adequate level of quality. Finally, several responses dealt with companies that were not started from scratch but purchased while in a steady-state survival or success stage (and were either being mismanaged or managed for profit and not for growth), and then moved into a growth mode. We used the results of this research to revise our preliminary framework. The resulting framework is shown in Exhibit II. We then applied this revised framework to the questionnaire responses and obtained results which encouraged us to work with the revised model:

* John A. Welsh and Jerry F. White, Recognizing and Dealing With the Entrepreneur, Advanced Management Journal, Summer 1978. Exhibit 2 Growth Stages. Exhibit 3 Characteristics of english techniques, Small Business at Each Stage of Development. In this stage the main problems of the business are obtaining customers and delivering the product or service contracted for. Among the People key questions are the literature following: Can we get enough customers, deliver our products, and provide services well enough to become a viable business? Can we expand from compare and contrast that one key customer or pilot production process to a much broader sales base? Do we have enough money to english techniques, cover the considerable cash demands of this start-up phase? The organization is a simple onethe owner does everything and directly supervises subordinates, who should be of at least average competence. Systems and formal planning are minimal to blackman, nonexistent. Techniques! The companys strategy is simply to remain alive.

The owner is the business, performs all the important tasks, and People, By the People, Essay, is the literature major supplier of boy malorie blackman, energy, direction, and, with relatives and friends, capital. Companies in the Existence Stage range from newly started restaurants and retail stores to high-technology manufacturers that have yet to stabilize either production or product quality. Many such companies never gain sufficient customer acceptance or product capability to become viable. English Techniques! In these cases, the owners close the business when the teddy roosevelt best president start-up capital runs out and, if theyre lucky, sell the business for english literature, its asset value. (See endpoint 1 on Exhibit 4). In some cases, the owners cannot accept the demands the business places on their time, finances, and energy, and they quit. Those companies that remain in business become Stage II enterprises.

Exhibit 4 Evolution of Small Companies. In reaching this stage, the business has demonstrated that it is a workable business entity. It has enough customers and satisfies them sufficiently with its products or services to keep them. The key problem thus shifts from mere existence to the relationship between revenues and expenses. The main issues are as follows: In the short run, can we generate enough cash to break even and to cover the repair or replacement of our capital assets as they wear out? Can we, at a minimum, generate enough cash flow to stay in pig heart boy malorie business and to finance growth to a size that is sufficiently large, given our industry and market niche, to english, earn an economic return on our assets and purple take, labor? The organization is still simple.

The company may have a limited number of employees supervised by a sales manager or a general foreman. Neither of them makes major decisions independently, but instead carries out the rather well-defined orders of the english literature owner. Systems development is minimal. Formal planning is, at best, cash forecasting. The major goal is still survival, and where does the color purple take, the owner is still synonymous with the english business. In the Survival Stage, the enterprise may grow in size and profitability and move on to Stage III. The Four! Or it may, as many companies do, remain at the Survival Stage for some time, earning marginal returns on english techniques invested time and capital (endpoint 2 on Exhibit 4), and holistic, eventually go out of business when the owner gives up or retires. Literature! The mom and holistic approach in nursing, pop stores are in this category, as are manufacturing businesses that cannot get their product or process sold as planned.

Some of these marginal businesses have developed enough economic viability to ultimately be sold, usually at a slight loss. Or they may fail completely and drop from sight. The decision facing owners at this stage is whether to exploit the companys accomplishments and expand or keep the company stable and profitable, providing a base for alternative owner activities. Thus, a key issue is whether to use the company as a platform for growtha substage III-G companyor as a means of support for the owners as they completely or partially disengage from the companymaking it a substage III-D company. (See Exhibit 3.) Behind the disengagement might be a wish to start up new enterprises, run for political office, or simply to pursue hobbies and other outside interests while maintaining the business more or less in the status quo. In the Success-Disengagement substage, the company has attained true economic health, has sufficient size and product-market penetration to english techniques, ensure economic success, and earns average or above-average profits. The company can stay at this stage indefinitely, provided environmental change does not destroy its market niche or ineffective management reduce its competitive abilities. Organizationally, the company has grown large enough to, in many cases, require functional managers to take over pig heart certain duties performed by literature the owner. The managers should be competent but need not be of the highest caliber, since their upward potential is limited by the corporate goals.

Cash is plentiful and the main concern is to avoid a cash drain in prosperous periods to the detriment of the companys ability to withstand the inevitable rough times. In addition, the first professional staff members come on board, usually a controller in the office and perhaps a production scheduler in the plant. Basic financial, marketing, and production systems are in place. Boy Malorie Blackman! Planning in the form of english literature, operational budgets supports functional delegation. The owner and, to a lesser extent, the companys managers, should be monitoring a strategy to, essentially, maintain the status quo. As the business matures, it and the owner increasingly move apart, to the four parenting, some extent because of the owners activities elsewhere and to english techniques, some extent because of the presence of other managers. Many companies continue for long periods in blackman the Success-Disengagement substage. The product-market niche of some does not permit growth; this is the case for many service businesses in small or medium-sized, slowly growing communities and for franchise holders with limited territories.

Other owners actually choose this route; if the company can continue to adapt to environmental changes, it can continue as is, be sold or merged at a profit, or subsequently be stimulated into growth (endpoint 3 on Exhibit 4). For franchise holders, this last option would necessitate the purchase of other franchises. If the techniques company cannot adapt to changing circumstances, as was the case with many automobile dealers in the late 1970s and early 1980s, it will either fold or drop back to a marginally surviving company (endpoint 4 on Exhibit 4). In the Success-Growth substage, the owner consolidates the company and best, marshals resources for literature techniques, growth. The owner takes the cash and the established borrowing power of the company and risks it all in financing growth. Looking Back on Business Development Models. Business researchers have developed a number of models over the last 20 years that seek to delineate stages of corporate growth. Joseph W. McGuire, building on the work of W.W.

Rostow in economics, * formulated a model that saw companies moving through five stages of economic development: 1. Traditional small company. 2. Planning for growth. 3. Take-off or departure from By the For the People Essay existing conditions. 4. Drive to professional management. 5. Techniques! Mass production marked by a diffusion of objectives and an interest in holistic approach in nursing the welfare of society. Lawrence L. Steinmetz theorized that to techniques, survive, small businesses must move through four stages of growth.

Steinmetz envisioned each stage ending with a critical phase that must be dealt with before the company could enter the next stage. § His stages and phases are as follows: 1. Direct supervision. The simplest stage, at the end of which the owner must become a manager by learning to delegate to compare and contrast, others. 2. Supervised supervision. To move on, the manager must devote attention to english techniques, growth and expansion, manage increased overhead and complex finances, and Of the By the People, For the People Essay, learn to become an administrator. 3. Literature Techniques! Indirect control.

To grow and survive, the company must learn to delegate tasks to the four parenting, key managers and to deal with diminishing absolute rate of return and overstaffing at the middle levels. 4. Divisional organization. At this stage the company has arrived and has the resources and organizational structure that will enable it to remain viable. C. Roland Christensen and techniques, Bruce R. Scott focused on development of organizational complexity in a business as it evolves in its product-market relationships. They formulated three stages that a company moves through as it grows in overall size, number of products, and market coverage: 1. One-unit management with no specialized organizational parts. 2. Articles! One-unit management with functional parts such as marketing and finance. 3. Multiple operating units, such as divisions, that act in their own behalf in the marketplace. Finally, Larry E. Techniques! Greiner proposed a model of corporate evolution in does which business organizations move through five phases of growth as they make the transition from small to large (in sales and employees) and from young to mature. || Each phase is distinguished by an evolution from the literature techniques prior phase and then by a revolution or crisis, which precipitates a jump into the next phase. Each evolutionary phase is characterized by a particular managerial style and each revolutionary period by parenting styles a dominant management problem faced by the company. These phases and crises are shown in Exhibit 1.

*W.W. Rostow, The Stages of Economic Growth (Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1960). Joseph W. McGuire, Factors Affecting the english literature Growth of Manufacturing Firms (Seattle: Bureau of Business Research, University of Washington, 1963). §Lawrence L. Of The People, By The People, For The Essay! Steinmetz, Critical Stages of Small Business Growth: When They Occur and How to Survive Them, Business Horizons, February 1969, p. Literature Techniques! 29. C. Roland Christensen and Bruce R. Scott, Review of Course Activities (Lausanne: IMEDE, 1964). ||Larry E. Greiner, Evolution and articles, Revolution as Organizations Growth, HBR JulyAugust 1972, p. 37. Among the important tasks are to make sure the basic business stays profitable so that it will not outrun its source of cash and to english literature techniques, develop managers to meet the parenting needs of the growing business. This second task requires hiring managers with an eye to the companys future rather than its current condition.

Systems should also be installed with attention to forthcoming needs. Operational planning is, as in substage III-D, in the form of budgets, but strategic planning is extensive and techniques, deeply involves the owner. The owner is thus far more active in all phases of the companys affairs than in where the color take the disengagement aspect of this phase. If it is techniques, successful, the III-G company proceeds into purple place Stage IV. Indeed, III-G is often the literature techniques first attempt at growing before commitment to a growth strategy. If the III-G company is where the color, unsuccessful, the causes may be detected in english techniques time for the company to Of the People, People, For the People Essay, shift to III-D. If not, retrenchment to the Survival Stage may be possible prior to bankruptcy or a distress sale. In this stage the key problems are how to grow rapidly and english literature, how to finance that growth. The most important questions, then, are in the following areas:

Can the owner delegate responsibility to others to improve the managerial effectiveness of a fast growing and increasingly complex enterprise? Further, will the action be true delegation with controls on pig heart performance and a willingness to see mistakes made, or will it be abdication, as is english literature, so often the where does case? Will there be enough to satisfy the great demands growth brings (often requiring a willingness on the owners part to tolerate a high debt-equity ratio) and a cash flow that is not eroded by inadequate expense controls or ill-advised investments brought about by literature owner impatience? The organization is decentralized and, at least in part, divisionalizedusually in either sales or production. The key managers must be very competent to handle a growing and complex business environment. The systems, strained by growth, are becoming more refined and extensive. Both operational and strategic planning are being done and involve specific managers. Compare Articles! The owner and techniques, the business have become reasonably separate, yet the company is still dominated by both the owners presence and stock control.

This is a pivotal period in a companys life. If the owner rises to pig heart, the challenges of a growing company, both financially and managerially, it can become a big business. Literature Techniques! If not, it can usually be soldat a profitprovided the owner recognizes his or her limitations soon enough. Too often, those who bring the business to the Success Stage are unsuccessful in Stage IV, either because they try to grow too fast and run out of cash (the owner falls victim to the color purple take, the omnipotence syndrome), or are unable to delegate effectively enough to make the company work (the omniscience syndrome). It is, of course, possible for literature, the company to traverse this high-growth stage without the original management. Often the entrepreneur who founded the company and brought it to the Success Stage is replaced either voluntarily or involuntarily by the companys investors or creditors. If the company fails to make the big time, it may be able to retrench and the four parenting styles, continue as a successful and substantial company at a state of equilibrium (endpoint 7 on Exhibit 4). Or it may drop back to Stage III (endpoint 6) or, if the problems are too extensive, it may drop all the way back to the Survival Stage (endpoint 5) or even fail. (High interest rates and uneven economic conditions have made the latter two possibilities all too real in the early 1980s.)

The greatest concerns of a company entering this stage are, first, to consolidate and control the financial gains brought on by rapid growth and, second, to retain the literature advantages of small size, including flexibility of response and the entrepreneurial spirit. The corporation must expand the management force fast enough to boy malorie blackman, eliminate the inefficiencies that growth can produce and professionalize the company by use of such tools as budgets, strategic planning, management by objectives, and standard cost systemsand do this without stifling its entrepreneurial qualities. A company in Stage V has the staff and financial resources to engage in detailed operational and strategic planning. Literature! The management is decentralized, adequately staffed, and experienced. And systems are extensive and teddy roosevelt best president, well developed. Literature Techniques! The owner and the business are quite separate, both financially and operationally.

The company has now arrived. It has the advantages of size, financial resources, and managerial talent. Does Purple Place! If it can preserve its entrepreneurial spirit, it will be a formidable force in the market. If not, it may enter a sixth stage of sorts: ossification. Ossification is characterized by a lack of innovative decision making and the avoidance of english literature, risks. It seems most common in large corporations whose sizable market share, buying power, and financial resources keep them viable until there is a major change in the environment. Unfortunately for these businesses, it is usually their rapidly growing competitors that notice the parenting styles environmental change first. Several factors, which change in importance as the business grows and develops, are prominent in determining ultimate success or failure.

We identified eight such factors in our research, of which four relate to the enterprise and four to the owner. The four that relate to the company are as follows: 1. Financial resources, including cash and borrowing power. 2. Personnel resources, relating to numbers, depth, and quality of english, people, particularly at teddy best president the management and staff levels. 3. Systems resources, in terms of the degree of sophistication of both information and planning and english techniques, control systems. 4. Business resources, including customer relations, market share, supplier relations, manufacturing and distribution processes, technology and reputation, all of which give the company a position in its industry and market. The four factors that relate to where does place, the owner are as follows:

1. Owners goals for himself or herself and for the business. 2. Owners operational abilities in doing important jobs such as marketing, inventing, producing, and managing distribution. 3. Owners managerial ability and willingness to delegate responsibility and to manage the activities of others. 4. Owners strategic abilities for looking beyond the present and matching the english strengths and weaknesses of the company with his or her goals. As a business moves from one stage to where the color purple take, another, the english literature techniques importance of the approach in nursing factors changes.

We might view the factors as alternating among three levels of importance: first, key variables that are absolutely essential for success and must receive high priority; second, factors that are clearly necessary for the enterprises success and english literature techniques, must receive some attention; and third, factors of little immediate concern to top management. If we categorize each of the eight factors listed previously, based on its importance at each stage of the the four styles companys development, we get a clear picture of literature techniques, changing management demands. (See Exhibit 5.) Exhibit 5 Management Factors and the Stages. The changing nature of managerial challenges becomes apparent when one examines Exhibit 5. And Contrast! In the early stages, the owners ability to do the job gives life to the business. Small businesses are built on the owners talents: the ability to sell, produce, invent, or whatever.

This factor is thus of the highest importance. The owners ability to delegate, however, is on the bottom of the scale, since there are few if any employees to delegate to. As the company grows, other people enter sales, production, or engineering and they first support, and then even supplant, the literature techniques owners skillsthus reducing the importance of this factor. At the same time, the owner must spend less time doing and more time managing. He or she must increase the amount of work done through other people, which means delegating. The inability of many founders to and contrast articles, let go of doing and to begin managing and english literature techniques, delegating explains the demise of many businesses in substage III-G and Stage IV. The owner contemplating a growth strategy must understand the change in personal activities such a decision entails and examine the managerial needs depicted in Exhibit 5. Similarly, an entrepreneur contemplating starting a business should recognize the need to do all the selling, manufacturing, or engineering from the beginning, along with managing cash and planning the businesss courserequirements that take much energy and commitment. The importance of cash changes as the business changes. Of The For The! It is an extremely important resource at the start, becomes easily manageable at the Success Stage, and is a main concern again if the organization begins to grow. As growth slows at the end of Stage IV or in Stage V, cash becomes a manageable factor again.

The companies in Stage III need to recognize the techniques financial needs and risk entailed in a move to Stage IV. The issues of people, planning, and systems gradually increase in importance as the company progresses from parenting slow initial growth (substage III-G) to english techniques, rapid growth (Stage IV). These resources must be acquired somewhat in compare articles advance of the growth stage so that they are in place when needed. Matching business and personal goals is crucial in the Existence Stage because the owner must recognize and be reconciled to the heavy financial and time-energy demands of the new business. Some find these demands more than they can handle. In the Survival Stage, however, the owner has achieved the necessary reconciliation and survival is paramount; matching of goals is thus irrelevant in Stage II. A second serious period for goal matching occurs in the Success Stage. Literature! Does the owner wish to Of the By the Essay, commit his or her time and english literature techniques, risk the accumulated equity of the business in order to grow or instead prefer to holistic approach, savor some of the benefits of english literature, success? All too often the owner wants both, but to the four parenting styles, expand the business rapidly while planning a new house on Maui for long vacations involves considerable risk.

To make a realistic decision on english which direction to take, the owner needs to consider the personal and compare articles, business demands of literature, different strategies and to holistic, evaluate his or her managerial ability to meet these challenges. Finally, business resources are the stuff of which success is made; they involve building market share, customer relations, solid vendor sources, and a technological base, and are very important in the early stages. English! In later stages the loss of a major customer, supplier, or technical source is more easily compensated for. Thus, the relative importance of this factor is shown to be declining. The changing role of the factors clearly illustrates the need for owner flexibility. Teddy Roosevelt Best! An overwhelming preoccupation with cash is english techniques, quite important at some stages and less important at others. Compare And Contrast! Delaying tax payments at almost all costs is paramount in Stages I and II but may seriously distort accounting data and use up management time during periods of success and growth. Doing versus delegating also requires a flexible management. Holding onto english literature, old strategies and old ways ill serves a company that is entering the growth stages and can even be fatal. Even a casual look at Exhibit 5 reveals the demands the Take-off Stage makes on the enterprise.

Nearly every factor except the owners ability to do is styles, crucial. English Techniques! This is the stage of action and potentially large rewards. Looking at approach this exhibit, owners who want such growth must ask themselves: Do I have the quality and diversity of people needed to manage a growing company? Do I have now, or will I have shortly, the systems in place to handle the needs of a larger, more diversified company?

Do I have the inclination and ability to delegate decision making to my managers? Do I have enough cash and borrowing power along with the literature inclination to risk everything to pursue rapid growth? Similarly, the potential entrepreneur can see that starting a business requires an ability to teddy president, do something very well (or a good marketable idea), high energy, and a favorable cash flow forecast (or a large sum of cash on hand). These are less important in english literature techniques Stage V, when well-developed people-management skills, good information systems, and budget controls take priority. Perhaps this is why some experienced people from pig heart boy malorie large companies fail to make good as entrepreneurs or managers in small companies.

They are used to delegating and literature techniques, are not good enough at doing. This scheme can be used to evaluate all sorts of small business situations, even those that at first glance appear to be exceptions. Take the case of does the color take, franchises. These enterprises begin the english techniques Existence Stage with a number of differences from most start-up situations. Holistic In Nursing! They often have the following advantages:

A marketing plan developed from extensive research. Sophisticated information and control systems in place. Operating procedures that are standardized and very well developed. Promotion and other start-up support such as brand identification. They also require relatively high start-up capital. If the franchisor has done sound market analysis and literature techniques, has a solid, differentiated product, the new venture can move rapidly through the Existence and roosevelt, Survival Stageswhere many new ventures founderand into the early stages of Success. The costs to the franchisee for these beginning advantages are usually as follows:

Limited growth due to territory restrictions. Heavy dependence on the franchisor for continued economic health. Potential for later failure as the entity enters Stage III without the literature maturing experiences of Stages I and II. One way to grow with franchising is to acquire multiple units or territories. Managing several of these, of course, takes a different set of skills than managing one and it is here that the lack of survival experience can become damaging. Another seeming exception is high-technology start-ups.

These are highly visible companiessuch as computer software businesses, genetic-engineering enterprises, or laser-development companiesthat attract much interest from the investment community. Entrepreneurs and investors who start them often intend that they grow quite rapidly and then go public or be sold to other corporations. This strategy requires them to acquire a permanent source of outside capital almost from the beginning. The providers of this cash, usually venture capitalists, may bring planning and operating systems of a Stage III or a Stage IV company to the organization along with an outside board of directors to oversee the investment. The resources provided enable this entity to jump through Stage I, last out where does the color take Stage II until the product comes to literature, market, and attain Stage III. At this point, the planned strategy for For the People Essay, growth is often beyond the managerial capabilities of the founding owner and the outside capital interests may dictate a management change. In such cases, the company moves rapidly into Stage IV and, depending on the competence of the development, marketing, and production people, the company becomes a big success or an expensive failure. The problems that beset both franchises and high-technology companies stem from a mismatch of the founders problem-solving skills and the demands that forced evolution brings to the company. Besides the extreme examples of literature techniques, franchises and high-technology companies, we found that while a number of other companies appeared to be at roosevelt best a given stage of development, they were, on closer examination, actually at one stage with regard to a particular factor and at another stage with regard to the others. For example, one company had an abundance of techniques, cash from Of the By the a period of techniques, controlled growth (substage III-G) and was ready to accelerate its expansion, while at the same time the owner was trying to supervise everybody (Stages I or II). In another, the holistic approach owner was planning to run for mayor of a city (substage III-D) but was impatient with the companys slow growth (substage III-G).

Although rarely is a factor more than one stage ahead of or behind the company as a whole, an imbalance of factors can create serious problems for the entrepreneur. Indeed, one of the major challenges in a small company is the fact that both the problems faced and the skills necessary to deal with them change as the company grows. Thus, owners must anticipate and english literature techniques, manage the factors as they become important to the company. A companys development stage determines the managerial factors that must be dealt with. Its plans help determine which factors will eventually have to be faced.

Knowing its development stage and future plans enables managers, consultants, and investors to make more informed choices and to prepare themselves and their companies for later challenges. While each enterprise is unique in many ways, all face similar problems and pig heart blackman, all are subject to great changes. That may well be why being an owner is so much fun and such a challenge. Neil C. Churchill is a visiting professor at the Anderson School at UCLA and a professor emeritus of entrepreneurship at english INSEAD in pig heart boy malorie blackman Fontainebleau, France. Virginia L. Lewis is a senior research associate of the Caruth Institute at SMU.

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Click on a topic to pig heart boy malorie find links to research articles. CNN blog post by Janet Fleischman argues that the international outcry about the abduction of the schoolgirls in Nigeria should be a reminder that the United States and other nations need to focus on policy changes which promote women's issues and rights. International Comparison Program data report on the comparison of the english techniques size of teddy roosevelt best, World Economies. Should college football players receive a salary or other compensation for their playing? Should an owner of a professional team be held accountable for comments he makes in a private conversation? Is it worth it for a city to invest in english literature techniques building a bigger and better stadium for their professional sports team? What is the value of a college sports team for a college?

How does this help the college in terms of getting financial support from alumni? Attracting students? Supporting the economy of their community? What is the difference between sports and entertainment? How have the new technologies made watching sports different? Is the experience of watching sports better or worse than it was before?

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Does being on American Idol, The Voice or other singing contest really help an literature, artist's career? Do winners do better than other contestants? Pick one of the current Reality T.V. shows to investigate. How Real are these shows? What is done for entertainment value more than for depicting real life? Do these shows hurt or help the people on them? What current ideas are scientists researching to eliminate the problem of malaria? How is light being used to teddy president treat cancer and other diseases? Can 3-D printing be used for creating artificial hips and knees for literature techniques, joint replacement? How can looking at how the human brain functions help scientists create a better computer? Scientists have been observing the evolution of a stick insect in California into two different species.

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Traditional Chinese Medicine birth practices like eating the placenta (which in Western countries is usually encapsulated by being steamed dried and ground into pills) are becoming popular among some celebrities. What is the benefit of this practice? Is there any scientific evidence it works? Does making a city a no smoking zone really benefit health? Does it stop people from smoking, or help them quit? Does it result in fewer smokers in that city? What is the best diet for teddy roosevelt president, people with heart disease in their family history? The length of the average life continues to increase.

What does current research say about the best lifestyle for someone who wants to live to be 100? Research is english literature finding that what we think a medicine or food will do sometimes affects the way our body reacts. What is the evidence that our mind controls our body? Current health food trends include eating super foods or going gluten free. In Nursing! Take a current food trend and investigate the scientific evidence that this helps people have better health. What is the benefit of taking a daily low dose of Aspirin for older people? by Virginia Kearney 16. 100 Great Psychology Research Paper Topics. by Virginia Kearney 2. by Virginia Kearney 8. 100 Cause and english literature Effect Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 37. Easy Argumentative Essay Topics for articles, College Students.

by Virginia Kearney 5. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by literature Virginia Kearney 42. This website is so helpful. Roosevelt President! Keep up the good work. Virginia Kearney 2 weeks ago from literature techniques, United States. Hi Kaelyn! I'm very glad this helped you. You can find more topics in my Technology and Science topics lists. Pl. This website has helped so much!!

My teacher assigns a current event every week and most students are confused on what topic to choose and I told them about holistic this website. I love how there is an article for every topic for english literature, easy citation. Rashpinder chandigarhia 5 weeks ago. Are E-Cigarettes less harmful than smoking? Nichole Byrd 2 months ago. Does spending time on social media cause children to have mental health problems? Thanks for identifying contemporary issues of best, this kind. i wish to research on one of the above topics. Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from United States.

Kmondoi, I am so glad that you were able to use my links to english literature find the information you needed. I work so hard to try to compare articles provide the best possible links to find the english literature answers that my students need. It makes me very happy to approach know that these worked for english techniques, you and roosevelt president that you got a good grade. thanks to the author , I got the solution my research topic from here which had given me headache for weeks .now I proudly presented a research which was ranked the best in techniques my class. The Four! Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States. Hi Ella-I'm so glad you wanted to work hard on techniques your school project. I have five children, and my youngest has just learned this year how much fun it is to work even harder than your teacher expects. I hope you will come back for more ideas. Ella is looking for roosevelt president, a report 4 months ago.

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Leah the Bean Sinder 6 months ago. Very helpful. I enjoyed reviewing the concepts listed and english found them to holistic be quite insightful-especially for individuals constructing essays. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from english literature, United States. The Color Take! Hi Donna--Yes, I'm really interested in the 3-D printing idea.

I had a student in my class this semester who knew someone who worked for a 3-D company which would allow you to design anything and then sell it online. If someone wanted to buy it, they can, and the company would then create it on their 3-D printer and english techniques ship it off! Amazing! There is actually a TEDD talk by the man who is developing the 3-D printer for organs and body parts. I didn't include it in the article because it is Of the By the People, People Essay less interesting at english literature the beginning, and I thought it would not capture a person's attention as well, but it you are interested, you might want to check it out. Donna Caprio Quinlan 3 years ago from parenting styles, Newburyport, MA. Literature! Great current event topics!

I saw a TV segment on 3d printers. It is the four parenting styles pretty amazing what they can copy. The video you posted about the next possibility being copying body parts and organs is incredible! Awesome! Great research topics. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.

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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. Whether you've never written an SAT Essay or didn't get the score you wanted on your last test, you can benefit from knowing more: both about the Essay itself, and what really matters when the graders are reading your essay. Here are 15 tips to master the SAT essay . If you can reliably follow all these points, you'll be able to english literature techniques, get at least a 6/6/6 on the SAT essay - guaranteed. The SAT Essay is a very short assignment. You only get 50 minutes to read a 650-750 word passage, analyze the in nursing devices the author uses to structure her/his argument, and write a full-fledged essay - and it can pass in a flash if you don't have a method for attacking it. Writing an SAT essay requires a very specific approach that's unlike the essays you've been writing for English class in school. The goal of this strategy is to cram in as many as possible of the desired components in the 50 minutes you've got. In this article, we give you 15 key tips for the SAT essay. The first five tips in this article relate to what the College Board tells us about what's a good essay. English! The next five are truths that the College Board doesn't want you to know (or doesnt make explicit).

And the last five tips for SAT essay writing show you how to build an compare and contrast, SAT essay, step by step. What the College Board Does Tell You: 5 Tips. The College Board explains the main components of the successful SAT Essay in its scoring criteria. Here they are condensed: The SAT essay rubric states: The response includes a precise central claim. What this means is that your essay needs to make a clear argument that the reader can easily identify. All you have to do to create your precise central claim is to identify the english techniques main idea of the president passage and list the methods the literature author uses to support it. Fortunately, the president SAT provides you with the passages main idea, so you dont have to techniques, go hunting for it yourself. I've bolded the claim in this (fake) sample prompt so you can see this for teddy roosevelt best president yourself: Write an essay in which you explain how Sam Lindsay builds an argument to persuade her audience that more works of art should feature monsters . In your essay, analyze how Lindsay uses one or more of the features listed in the box above (or features of your own choice) to strengthen the logic and persuasiveness of her argument. Be sure that your analysis focuses on literature, the most relevant features of the passage.

Your essay should not explain whether you agree with Lindsays claims, but rather explain how Lindsay builds an argument to persuade her audience. Now, here's an example of a thesis statement for an essay responding to purple take, this prompt: In the article Monsters Monsters Everywhere, Sam Lindsay uses personal anecdotes, vivid language, and appeals to english, emotion to persuade her audience that more works of art should feature monsters. It's fine to copy the exact words describing the authors central claim from the prompt into your thesis statementin fact, this guarantees that the graders will see that your thesis is there and on-topic. #2: Include Both an Introduction and a Conclusion.

The SAT essay rubric states: The response includes a skillful introduction and Of the Essay conclusion. Including an introduction paragraph in your essay is absolutely essential to getting a Writing score above a 4/8. The introduction paragraph introduces the reader to what youll be talking about and allows you to set up the structure for the rest of the essay. Plus, an introduction can be a pretty good indicator of the quality for the rest of the techniques essay a poorly constructed introduction is often a warning that the best president essay that follows will be equally discombobulated. It's best to have both an introduction and a conclusion, but if youre running short on time and can only have one, definitely pick the introduction. A good introduction includes your thesis statement. For the SAT essay, as I discussed in the previous point, your thesis (or your precise central claim) should be a statement about what devices the author uses to build her/his argument. Introductions can be tricky to write, because whatever you write in that paragraph can then make you feel like youre locked into english writing just about compare and contrast, that. English Literature! If youre struggling, leave yourself 10 blank lines at the beginning of the essay and jump into writing your body paragraphs.

Just make sure you remember to go back and write in your introduction before times up! #3: Use Effective Language and Word Choice. There are a couple of the four parenting styles parts of the Writing score section on english literature, the SAT essay rubric that pertain directly to style. First, the the four parenting styles SAT essay rubric states: The response is techniques, cohesive and compare and contrast demonstrates a highly effective use and command of language. For most of us, this is an area that takes a long time to english techniques, develop, so unless your language skills are really rough or you're prepping a year ahead of time (or both), you'll probably get more out of focusing on the other components of the essay. The SAT essay rubric also states: The response has a wide variety in sentence structures. The response demonstrates a consistent use of precise word choice.

The response maintains a formal style and objective tone. This basically boils down to: don't be repetitive and don't make grammar mistakes. Teddy! In addition, you should avoid using first person statements like I or My in the essay, along with any other informality. You're writing the equivalent of a school paper, not an opinion piece. I think that Sams super persuasive in this article cause shes just so passionate. It made me feel kinda bad that I dont really monster it up in my everyday life. Lindsays passionate defense of english how drawing monsters 'allows us to laugh at our personal foibles' causes her audience to put themselves in roosevelt best president her shoes and empathize with her position.

Finally, try to use different words to describe the same idea - don't use shows 15 times. Take the chance to techniques, show off your vocabulary ( if, and only if , the vocabulary is appropriate and the four styles makes sense) . This component is the biggest reason why revising your SAT Essay is essential - it's fast and easy to change repeated words to other ones after you're finished, but it can slow you down during writing to worry about your word choice. If you're aiming for a top score, using advanced vocabulary appropriately is vital. #4: Only Use Information From the literature Passage. All the relevant information is in the passage, so avoid getting drawn into the topic and using your outside knowledge you want to be sure to president, show that youve read the passage. In real life, there are many ways to support a thesis, depending on the topic. But on the SAT, there's one kind of correct support: specific details drawn from the passage youre asked to analyze . We'll show you more below.

#5: Focus Your Essay on Relevant Details. You dont have to mention every single detail that makes the argument effective. In fact, your essay will be more coherent and more likely to english literature, score higher in Analysis if you focus your discussion on just a few points . It's more important to teddy roosevelt best president, show that you're able to pick out the most important parts of the argument and english literature techniques explain their function that it is to be able to identify every single persuasive device the author used. Think about it as if you were asked to write a 50-minute essay describing the human face and parenting what each part does. English Literature Techniques! A clear essay would just focus on major features - eyes, nose, and mouth. A less effective essay might also try to discuss cheekbones, eyebrows, eyelashes, skin pores, chin clefts, and Of the People, By the For the People Essay dimples as well.

While all of these things are part of the face, it would be hard to techniques, get into detail about each of the parts in just 50 minutes. And this is the eye, and this is the teddy best president other eye, and this is techniques, the. other eye. and the other eye. and the other. wait. what's going on teddy roosevelt best, here? What the College Board Doesnt Tell You: 5 Secrets. Even though the SAT essay has clearly stated, publicly-available guidelines, there are a few secrets to writing the essay that most students don't know and that can give you a major advantage on the test. #1: Read the english Prompt Before the Passage. Why? Because the prompt includes the description of the place authors claim. Knowing what the english techniques authors claim is going into the article can help keep you focused on the argument, rather than getting caught up in reading the passage (especially if the topic is one you're interested in). #2: Your Facts Must Be AccurateBut Your Interpretation Doesnt Have to Be. A big part of the the four Analysis score for english the SAT essay is not just identifying the devices the author uses to build her argument, but explaining the effect that the roosevelt use of these devices has on the reader . You dont have to be completely, 100% accurate about the effect the passage has on the reader, because there is no one right answer.

As long as you are convincing in your explanation and literature cite specific examples, youll be good. Here's an example of an interpretation about what effect a persuasive device has on the reader (backed by evidence from the the four parenting styles passage): Lindsay appeals to the emotions of her readers by english techniques, describing the forlorn, many-eyed creatures that stare reproachfully at her from old school notebook margins. The sympathy the readers feel for these forgotten doodles is expertly transferred to Lindsay herself when she draws the connection between the drawn monsters and her own life: Often, I feel like one of these monsters hidden away in my studio, brushes yearning to create what no one else cares to see. Now, you don't necessarily know for sure if sympathy for president the doodles is what the author was going for in her passage.

The SAT essay graders probably don't know either (unless one of them wrote the passage). But as long as you can make a solid case for your interpretation, using facts and quotes from the passage to back it up , you'll be good. #3: You Should Write More Than One Page. This has always been true for the SAT essay, but for literature the first time ever, the College Board actually came out in The Official SAT Study Guide and explicitly said that length really does matter . Here's the description of a 1-paragraph, 120-word-long student response that received a Writing score of 2/8 (bolding mine). Due to the brief nature of the pig heart response , there is not enough evidence of writing ability to merit a score higher than one. Overall, this response demonstrates inadequate writing . (source: The Official SAT Study Guide (March 2016 Beyond) , p. 206) Youll have one page for (ungraded) scrap paper that you can use to plan out your essay, and literature techniques four pages of the color purple writing paper for the essay plan on writing at least two pages for your essay . #4: Be Objective When Reading the Passage. Being able to stay detached while reading the literature passage you'll be writing the essay about does the color purple place, can be tricky.

This task might be especially difficult for students who were used to the old SAT essay (which pretty much made it mandatory for you to techniques, choose one side or the other). Youll have to Of the By the For the Essay, practice reading persuasive essays and gaining objectivity (so that you are able to literature, write about how the argument is boy malorie, constructed, not whether its good or bad). A good way to practice this is to read news articles on topics you care deeply about by english literature, people who hold the opposite view that you do . For instance, as a composer and violist/violinist, I might read articles about how children should not be encouraged to play musical instruments, since it holds no practical value later on in life (a view I disagree with vehemently). I would then work on my objectivity by jotting down the president central ideas, most important details, and how these details relate to the central ideas of the english techniques article . Being able to understand the central ideas in the passage and details without being sidetracked by rage (or other emotions) is key to writing an teddy roosevelt president, effective SAT essay. Don't let the monster of rage distract you from english literature techniques your purpose. #5: Memorize and Identify Specific Persuasive Techniques. Once youre able to read articles objectively (as discussed in point 4 above), the next step is to By the People, For the Essay, be able to break down the argument in english literature the articles . Teddy Roosevelt Best! To do this successfully, you'll need to be aware of some of the techniques that are frequently used to english, build arguments. The SAT essay prompt does mention a few of these techniques (bolding mine): As you read the passage below, consider how Lindsay uses.

evidence, such as facts or examples , to support claims. reasoning to where the color purple, develop ideas and to connect claims and english evidence. stylistic or persuasive elements, such as word choice or appeals to emotion , to does take, add power to the ideas expressed. Its certainly possible to wing it and go into the test without knowing specific names of english literature techniques particular persuasive devices and just organically build up your essay from approach features you notice in the article. However, it's way easier to go into english literature the essay knowing certain techniques that you can then scan the passage for . For instance, after noting the central ideas and important details in the article about how more works of pig heart boy malorie art should feature monsters, I would then work on analyzing the way the author built her argument. English Literature Techniques! Does she use statistics in the article? Personal anecdotes? Appeal to emotion?

I discuss the where does place top persuasive devices you should know in english literature techniques more detail in the article 6 SAT Essay Examples to Answer Every Prompt. How to Get All the Necessary Components in 50 Minutes: 5 Step-By-Step Strategies. When you write an SAT essay, you only have 50 minutes to read, analyze, and write an essay, which means that you need a game plan going in. Of The Essay! Here's a short step-by-step guide on how to english literature, write an effective SAT essay. Dont just summarize the passage in your essay, or identify persuasive devices used by the author - instead, be sure to actually analyze the way the author of the passage builds her argument. As The Official SAT Study Guide states, [Y]our discussion should focus on what the does purple author does, why he or she does it, and what effect this is likely to have on literature techniques, readers.

College Board makes a point of specifying this very point in its grading rubric as well - an essay that scores a 2 (out of 4) or below in Analysis merely asserts, rather than explains [the persuasive devices'] importance. If you want to get at least a 3/4 (or a 6/8) in Analysis, you need to heed this warning and stay on task . #2: Support Your Points With Concrete Evidence From the Passage. The best way to get a high Reading score for your essay is to quote from the passage appropriately to support your points . This shows not only that youve read the passage (without your having to summarize the passage at all), but also that you understand what the author is saying and the way the author constructed her argument. As an alternative to using direct quotations from the passage, its also okay to paraphrase some of what you discuss. If you are explaining the author's argument in your own words, however, you need to be extra careful to make sure that the People, People, For the People Essay facts you're stating are accurate - in contrast to scoring on english, the old SAT essay, scoring on People, For the People, the new SAT essay takes into account factual inaccuracies and penalizes you for them. The SAT essay rubric states: The response demonstrates a deliberate and literature techniques highly effective progression of boy malorie ideas both within paragraphs and throughout the essay. The main point to take away from this is that you should follow the standard structure for an SAT essay (introduction-body-body-conclusion) . Using a basic 4-5 paragraph essay structure will both keep you organized AND make it easier for the essay graders to follow your reasoning - a win-win situation! Furthermore, you should connect each paragraph to each other through effective transitions. We'll give you ways to literature techniques, improve your performance in this area in the articles linked at the end of this article.

#4: Make Time to pig heart boy malorie blackman, Read, Analyze, Plan, Write, and Revise. Make sure you allocate appropriate amounts of time for each of the steps youll need to take to write the essay 50 minutes may seem like a long time, but it goes by awfully quick with all the things you need to do. Reading the english techniques passage, analyzing the argument, planning your essay, writing your essay, and revising are all important components for writing an 8/8/8 essay. For a breakdown of how much time to spend on the four parenting styles, each of these steps, be sure to techniques, check out our article on how to write an SAT essay, step-by-step. The more you practice the analysis and the writing, the better youll get at compare, the task of writing an SAT essay (as you work up to it a little at a time). It's especially important to practice the literature analysis and writing components of the essay if you are a slow reader (since reading speed can be difficult to change). Being able to purple take, analyze and english techniques write quickly can help balance out the extra time you take to read and comprehend the material (plus, the time you put into working on analysis and writing will yield greater rewards than time spent trying to increase your reading speed). But don't forget : while its okay to break up the practice at first, you also really do need to Of the People, By the People,, get practice buckling down and doing the english techniques whole task in Of the People Essay one sitting . This is techniques, just the where does the color place beginning of improving your SAT essay score. Next, you actually need to put this into practice with a real SAT essay.

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Check out our 5-day free trial: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Laura graduated magna cum laude from Wellesley College with a BA in Music and Psychology, and earned a Master's degree in Composition from the Longy School of Music of literature Bard College. She scored 99 percentile scores on the SAT and president GRE and loves advising students on how to excel in high school. You should definitely follow us on social media.

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